Thursday, March 19, 2020

FUMINORI OHASHI: From 1938's Kingu Kongu (King Kong) to Akira Kurosawa and In-Between and Beyond

Mention actor Toshiro Mifune, directors Ishiro Honda and Akira Kurosawa, or Japanese special effects giant Eiji Tsuburaya and many Westerners might say I know that name. Mention FUMINORI OHASHI and they draw a blank. That is because Ohashi, even in today's Japan, is an anonymous name to many. This purpose of this article's is to shed some light on his life.

I first discovered Fuminori Ohashi while researching my article "Images of KING KONG: 1933, the Japanese Interpretations and the American Remakes" in December 2016. My published article from January 27, 2017 can be read at:

Fuminori Ohashi was born in Ehime, Japan, on January 10, 1915. His birth name was Yukitoshi Ohashi. I could not locate any information on his early life, his parents, or his education. 
What we do know is that in 1935 Yukitoshi started work at the Shochiku Company Limited Motion Picture Studio as an assistant director, usually another name for a "gofer" and cameraman. Three years later he was acting for the studio.

The first specific motion picture referenced for Ohashi's work is the 1938 Japanese silent "King Kong". Which was a period piece set in the old capital of the Japan.


Above is an ad for the motion picture from the April 1938 issue of the motion picture publication "Kinema Junpo".
"Edo ni Arawareta Kingu Kongu" was a production from one of Japan's own "Poverty Row" studios "Zensho Cinema". It was actually two separately released silent motion pictures, Each film had the main movie title with an added subtitle explaining each part specifically. Part One was "The Episode of the Monster", released March 31, 1938 and Part Two was "The Episode of Gold", released April 7, 1938.

The film was directed by Soya Kumagi. According to IMDb, Kumagi has a total of five directing credits to his name and between 1938 and 1940. This film counted as two of the five.

The screenplay was by Daijo Aoyama, Who is shown with only two other screenplays beyond this motion picture.

Fuminori Ohashi is credited with the "Special Effects" and the creation of the "Anthropoid" suit. He is also the actor listed as Ryunosuke Kabayama wearing it.

Daijo Aoyama's screenplay has "Chinami", played by Reiko Mishima, the daughter of a rich Sponge Fishery owner, "Hyoei Toba", played by Reizaburo Ichikawa, being kidnapped. One of the sponge fisherman, "Magonoyjo Go", played by Eizaburo Martsumoto, doesn't join the search, because he's "Chinami's" kidnapper. "Magonoyjo's" father "Senbei", there is no information on the actor in the role, has a pet ape named "King Kong". "Magonoyjo" forced it to kidnap the girl. The reason for the kidnapping is revenge, because the girl's father forced the kidnapper's father to create counterfeit coins.

A reward for the finding of "Chinami" is offered and "Magonoyjo"" plans to trade the girl for the reward. He has "King Kong" take her father, who is being followed by his own men, to a secret cellar. "Magonoyjo" is given the reward, but the ape goes berserk and kills "Hyoei". "Hyoei's" men in turn kill the ape as "Magonoyjo" gets away with the reward and leaves Edo.

Except for the publicity stills, inspired by the Merian C. Cooper 1933 "King Kong", the ape is not a giant, but human size, Many have mentioned the ape creature appears to be more like a Yeti than a gorilla of any size.

Below is another publicity still and you see the proper proportions.

The movie is considered a Lost Motion Picture, but there is a fake 35 second video clip on YouTube. It claims to be from "King Kong Appeared in Edo", but it was made with a shot from an 1977 Italian Yeti movie "Yeti: Giant of the 20th Century".

"Edo ni Arawareta Kingu Kongu" gets confused with the 1933, 30 minute, Japanese comedy short "Wasei Kingu Kongu (Japanese King Kong)". Fuminori Ohashi was not involved with that picture and is about a man in a gorilla suit appearing on stage as "King Kong". The film was from the Shochiku Company Limited Studio, which adds to the confusion. It was also authorized by RKO Studios, who released the original American film, to use the name "King Kong".

There is a quote, I found on one website, that is attributed to Fuminori Ohashi in a 1988 interview. The year may be incorrect, but the quote reads:
The first model making to be counted as 'special art direction' in Japanese cinema was a giant gorilla which I did for the movie King Kong Appears in Edo fifty years ago. It was also the first movie to feature certain kinds of special effects

One of those referenced as possibly conducting the interview is August Ragone Who is the author of the excellent "Eji Tsuburaya: Master of Monsters: Defending the Earth with Ultraman, Godzilla, and Friends in the Golden Age of Japanese Science Fiction",

I asked August, while writing this article, about Fuminori Ohashi. He told me:
I wrote the most on him ever in English back in the early 1990s for Markalite #5, which was never published. I believe that article ended up on one of our websites, and then it was co-opted by another.

Possibly backing up what August replied to me is an article by Bob Johnson entitled "The Space Giants Series". Johnson's article is found on the website "SciFyJapan". It contains several quotations from Fuminori Ohashi, but each quotes source is not specified as Bob Johnson just lists several publications in the articles heading. So I could not verify them..

In 1938 Fuminori Ohashi was cast in a motion picture known as "Gankutsu-o-Tarzan". Once again he used the name Ryunosuke Kabayama and portrayed the Edgar Rice Burroughs character "Tarzan". What the motion pictures screenplay was about is unknown. The only other name mentioned in the cast was Toshiko Miyagawa, but his role is unknown. We do know the picture was directed by Kanenori Yamada and written by Shutaro Nachi. This was the first in series, unknown number at this date, that was made by Shochiku Studio.

I could not locate what Ohashi did during World War 2. However, after the war, in 1948, he starting working as a model and suit builder for "Takara Productions". Fuminori Ohashi created the kaiju for what some websites state was the studios 1948 picture "Ninjutsu Jiraiya".

For that production Fuminori Ohashi pioneered using a latex compound for monster suits. I looked for information on the 1948 "Ninjutsu Jiraiya" and images of Ohashi's work, but could not locate the title on several lists of Japanese motion pictures. The only two films they listed, with that specific title, were from 1921 and 1955 by director Tai Kato. However, some lists of Kato's motion picture do not list the 1955 feature at all.

So I wonder, based upon Ohashi creating his own studio, read his quote under "Gojira", if perhaps the year was wrong and the following still, from 1955, is his work:

Depending on the website Ohashi either left Japan for the United in 1950, or 1952. At which time he joined the Walt Disney organization as a model builder for the future "Disneyland", in Anaheim, California. He worked at the Disney Studio, in Burbank, for the two years before returning to Japan and joining Eiji Tsuburaya's team at "Toho Studios".

GOJIRA premiered on October 27, 1954 in Nagoya, Japan

Although you will not see Fuminori Ohashi's name on the great Japanese Anti-Atomic Bomb Science Fiction "Gojira". He was part of the Special Effects crew working at Toho Studios under Sadamasa Arikawa the director of Special Effects on the motion picture. Ohashi's non-screen credited title was "Special Effects Technical Adviser" and he worked on building the miniature sets as shown in the following two scenes.

 According to a quote, without a specific reference, in the Bob Johnson article. Oshashi stated he worked on the creation of the original suit for "Gojira" under Teizo Toshitisu and Akira Watanabe. Who worked under the direction of Eiji Tsuburaya. The original suit was extremely heavy for the suitmation actor and the quote relates to changes made afterwards:

Later it became possible to use softer latex to make monsters like Rodan and Mothra. Other harder monsters like Moguera I made with rubber and plastic. These were done at Ohashi Design (Ohashi Kogeshia), a company I started in 1955
Considering the above quote as accurate. Fuminori Oshashi implies his company was a subcontractor on the Toho Studio motion pictures "Sora no Daikaiju Radon (Giant Monster of the Sky, Radon)" released in Japan December 26, 1956. "Chikyu Boeigun (Earth Defence Force) aka: "The Mysterians" released in Japan December 28, 1957 and "Mosura (Mothra)" released July 30, 1961 in Japan.
Below a sequence from 
"Sora no Daikaiju Radon" involving miniatures that Oshashi's company may have worked on. Along with the original designed "Radon-Rodan" costume.

Below the mention, by Oshashi, "Moguera" from "Chikyu Boeigun".

Below a sequence for "Mosura" involving miniatures.

Just before his company was founded Fuminori Ohashi assumed his second acting identity of 
Sanshiro Sagara. I came across the name without making the connection for the Ishiro Honda motion picture "Ju Jin Yuki Otoko (Beastman Yukio aka: Mountain Snowman)". That was part of my article: "The Abominable Snowman As First Interpreted By Filmmakers 1954 to 1967". Which can be found at:

As Sanshiro Sagara, Fuminori Ohashi portrayed the adult snowman.

Additionally, as Fuminori Ohashi, he helped make the suit he wore. I considered it the best of all of the "Snowman-Yeti" costumes ever made.

We know that Ohashi supplemented his model and kaiju creation work, for the films mentioned above and others, with small acting roles between 1956 and 1963. However, when you look at photo's of the cast and crew of the Samurai motion pictures Fuminori Ohashi appeared in. The photo used above his name seems to always be:

Photo of Fuminori Ôhashi

One of the classic Samurai series of the 1950's was from director Hiroshi Inagnaki. What is known as "The Samurai Trilogy" starred Toshiro Mifune as "Miyamoto Musashi" and Koji Tsuruta as "Kojiro Saski". On January 1, 1956, in Japan, the final installment "Miyamoto Musashi kanketsuhen: ketto Ganryujima (Miyamoto Musashi Conclusion Duel Ganryujima)" premiered. In Western countries the film was titled: "Samurai III: Duel at Ganryu Island".

Should you pay attention to the cast list. My reader will find with 28th billing as a "Samurai" the name Fuminori Ohashi. The following year, on April 14, 1957 Ohashi appeared in a second Samurai feature for Hiroshi Inagnaki "Yagyu bugeicho (The Secret Scrolls)". Once more Toshiro Mifune starred in the film and if you again look at the 25th billing. The name of Fuminori Ohashi appears as a Samurai.

Back on January 15, 1957 Ohashi appeared, as a Samurai. in the first of four motion pictures by acclaimed Japanese director Akira Kurosawa.

That first motion picture was "Kumonosu-jo (Spider Web Castle)" better known in Western Countries as "Throne of Blood" and the first time Kurosawa transferred William Shakespeare to Japan with "Macbeth". This is a very moody black and white feature film that I recommend to all my readers. It stars Toshiro Mifune in the "Macbeth" role and Isuzu Yamada in the "Lady Macbeth" role.

My article: "William Shakespeare By Akira Kurosawa: Kurosawa By American and Italy" may be read at:

Fuminori Ohashi's second motion picture for Kurosawa was released December 28, 1958 and was 
"Kakushi-toride no san-akunin (Three Villains of the Hidden Fort)" known in Western Countries as "The Hidden Fortress".
Ohashi's third Akira Kurosawa motion picture was "Yojinbo" aka: "Yojimbo". The feature was released in Japan on April 25, 1961. Toshiro Mifune's character of "Sanjuro Kuwabatake/The Samurai" was turned into "Joe" by director Sergio Leone for the September 12, 1964 release in Italy of "Per un pugno di dollari (For a bunch of dollars)" starring American Clint Eastwood in the role. That story is part of my article on Kurosawa.

The actor's final film with director Kurosawa was another classic "
Tsubaki Sanjuro" aka: "Sanjuro" released in Japan on January 1, 1962 starring, of course, Toshiro Mifune. Then it was back to Hiroshi Inagaki with "Doburoku no Tatsu" released April 29, 1962. The last motion picture Fuminori Ohaashi appeared in was "Yagyu bugeicho: Katame no Jubei". Which was the fifth and final film of "The Secret Scrolls" series that premiered in Japan on February 23, 1963, but was directed by Kokichi Uchide.

Ohashi returned to being the modeler and special effects creator on 
"Kujira Gami (Killer Whale)" aka: "Whale God" released in Japan on July 15, 1962. This variation of Herman Melville's "Moby Dick" had a fishing village battle a giant whale.

KINGU KONGU TAI GOJIRA (KING KONG VS GODZILLA) premiered in August 11, 1962 in Japan

Once again in a special effects position, as with 1954's "Gojira", Fuminori Ohashi's title was the non-screen credited "Special Effects Technical Adviser".

I confirmed that Fuminori Ohashi signed a contract to create kaiju and other creatures for 
"Nippon Demapa Eiga (Japan Radio Pictures)" in 1964. There is some confusion over his work on "Jangurupuinsu (Jungle Prince)". Some sites give the impression the series was in 1964, but it ran for only 26 episodes from July 6, 1970 to August 10, 1970.
The probable reason for this confusion is that in 1964 Ohashi was creating the character for 
"Maboroshi no Daikaiju Agon (Phantom large monster Ago)" aka: "Giant Phantom Monster Agon". Fuminori Ohashi would also direct episodes 3 and 4. His only known directing assignment.

The obvious in the following stills is how much "Agon" resembled "Gojira". 

I turn to page 108 of August Ragone's biography of Eiji Tsuburaya I mentioned above:

.....In 1964, Japan Radio Pictures produced a four-episode miniseries called Argon the Atomic Dragon (Kaiju Agon), about a giant monster similar in appearance to Godzilla---so much so that Toho objected to the production. But upon discovering that the creator of the monster was former Toho employee Fuminori Ohashi, Toho essentially said, "Oh, it's you! Well, it's okay then!
However, apparently Toho Studios did prevent the film from being broadcast in 1964 and the series finally was seen on on "Fuji TV" from, January 2 to January 8, 1968. It would be released, by Toho Studios, as a feature film in the 1990's,
In early 1965 Fuminori Ohashi received an offer from the American television company "Screen Gems" to make a monster movie. However, that fell through, but another came from "P Productions" to create characters for their new program "Maguma Taishi (Ambassador Magna)".

The series was created by manga writer Osamu Tezuka. Tezuka was the creator of "The Mighty Atom (Astro Boy)" and "Jungle Emperor (The White Lion)" that many considered was ripped off by Walt Disney Pictures and became 1994's animated "The Lion King".

Ohashi planned to make all the costumes for the series, but he was still under contract to "Nippon Demapa Eiga" and they would recall him. However, he was able to make five costumes. Three were designed by himself and were "Aron", "Birdora" and "Ambassador Magna". The other two he made were "Lord Goa" and "Moguness".

Above "Ambassador Magna" and  "Lord Goa".

When Fuminori Ohashi returned he was made President of 
"Nihon Kabushiki Gaisha" aka: "Japan Special Effects Incorporated". One of the productions under Ohashi was "Kaiju ouji (Monster Prince)". The program ran on "Fuji TV" from October 2, 1967 through March 25, 1968.

Just as Ohashi went to Burbank, California to help work on Walt Disney's amusement park. In May of 1967 he went to Culver City, California and "20th Century Fox" to work on a Science Fiction Motion Picture the Executives were still arguing over, if it should go into production. The feature in question was entitled "Planet of the Apes". Most sites, including IMDb, misstate the year as Ohashi went to Culver City as 1968 the year the movie was released.

Fuminori Ohashi was one of seventeen make-up artists that received no on-screen credit for their work. That went to John Chambers, who won an honorary Academy Award for his Make-up designs, Edith Lindon, hairstylist, and Ben Nye and Daniel C. Striepeke, make-up artists.

I could not locate any specific information about Ohashi's work between 1968 and 1977, However, on April 29, 1977, in Japan, was the premier of "Kyoryu Kaicho No Densetsu".

The translation into English of the original Japanese illustrates the problems with translations. One translation is "Legend of Dinosaurs and Ghosts", another "Legend of Dinosaurs and Ominous Birds", while a third has the translation as "Legend of Dinosaurs and Monster Birds". The second translation is the official Toei Studio'a English version. While the last is the official Worldwide English language release title.

Fuminori Ohashi modeled both the Plesiosaurus and the Rhamphorhynchus with the title "Special Effects Technical Adviser".

There are no multiple "Dinosaurs" in the feature. Even if that's what the picture's title implies, because there is only Ohashi's "Plesiosaurus". Which technically is not a "Dinosaur", but a "Sauropterygia" or "Aquatic Reptile".

As with the dinosaurs there are no "Monster Birds", or otherwise, in the motion picture. Instead the audience sees only Ohashi's "Rhamphorhynchus". Which is technically not a "Bird", but a "Basal Pterosaur".

This might sound somewhat familiar? A girl in the "Sea of Trees" region of "Mt. Fuji" suddenly falls into a cavern and is knocked out. When she awakens there are giant prehistoric eggs near by and one starts to crack open.

Above Fuminori Ohshi'a Plesiosaurus is taking a bite out of his Rhamphorhynchus.

Does this also sound somewhat familiar? The film ends with "Mt. Fuji" erupting and the Plesiosaurus and the Rhamphorhynchus dying in the lava.

Fuminori Ohashi passed away into obscurity, at age 74, on September 20, 1989. I hope, as I wrote at the beginning, to have shed some light on his life and illustrate to some of my readers. That there are many unknown men and women behind a feature film

Friday, March 13, 2020

George "Gabby" Hayes: Being a "B" Cowboy "Sidekick"

I first saw George "Gabby" Hayes on the "THE GABBY HAYES SHOW". His program was originally three times a week on NBC , at 15 minutes, from December 11, 1950 through January 1, 1954, and proceeded "The Howdy Doody Show". "Gabby" told children "Tall Tales" and ran clips from old "B" Westerns. A second version with "Gabby" ran on ABC as a Saturday morning, 30 minute. program in the same format from May 12, 1956 through July 14, 1956.

The program was sponsored by the "Quaker Oats" cereal company with the slogan that the cereal was:

Shot from Guns!
"Gabby" had an old civil war canon and would shoot it off at the audiences and the cereal would fly out of it.


What I didn't know, until I started watching "B" Westerns on television, was how popular the actor was in the 1930's and 1940's. This is his motion picture story.


George Frances Hayes was the third child of seven. His parents were Clark Hayes and Elizabeth Morrison Hayes. George was born on May 7, 1885, at the hotel owned by his father, in Stannards, New York, but would claim neighboring Wellsville, New York, as his birthplace.

George's father was also involved in oil production in Stannards and his Uncle, on his mother's side, was Vice President of the "General Electric Company". While a high school student George Hayes played semi-professional baseball. What is home life was like I could not locate, but in 1902, at age 17, he ran away and joined an acting stock company. Later working for a circus and then discovering the vaudeville stage.

On March 4, 1914 George Hayes married Olive E. Ireland. Olive joined George on the vaudeville stage using the name "Dorothy Earle", which created some confusion with a silent film actress of that name, and the two would remain married until her death on July 5, 1957.

George was very successful and by age 43, in 1928. the two retired to a home on Long Island, New York. However, the stock market crash the following year cost him all his savings. It was Olive that suggested they move to Los Angeles and he try his hand as an actor in motion pictures.


A chance meeting with movie producer Trem Carr, at Paramount Studios, led George Hayes to the start of his motion picture career. The movie was "The Rainbow Man" and George actually had sixth billing as "Bill". The picture featured singer Eddie Dowling and was released May 16, 1929.

Between 1929 and April 4,1931 George Hayes appeared in seven forgotten roles with five of them without official cast credit. However, that seventh picture was "Dirigible" starring Fay Wray. It was an adventure feature from director Frank Capra in which George portrayed a "Parade Official". 

Also released on April 4, 1931 was a short featuring 55 of Hollywood's biggest stars. The plot had actress Norma Shearer's jewels being stolen and 54 cameo's begin in the hunt for them. To give my reader an idea of the cast. George Hayes had the role of "The Projectionist". While police officers included Buster Keaton, Oliver Hardy and Stan Laurel. A Gangster was played by Edward G. Robinson. The actors appearing as themselves included Joan Crawford, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Irene Dunne. This was all to get the theater audience to donate to "The National Vaudeville Artists Tuberculosis Sanitarium". After this short finished showing, the lights came on, and somebody walked the theater to collect donations.


Released May 1, 1931 was George Hayes' first Western motion picture "God's Country and the Man". It was also the first time he played a "Sidekick" to a popular "B" Western Movie Star. However, before he could get the part. Hayes had to learn how to ride a horse.

The part was fifth billed "Stingaree Kelley".The picture starred Tom Tyler who had been in Westerns since 1925. Tyler would go on to play "Luke Plummer" in John Ford's 1929 "Stagecoach", the original "Captain Marvel" for Republic Pictures and the original Mummy "Kharis" for Universal Pictures. My article on the actor can be read at:

Ted Adams, Al Bridge, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Betty Mack, Merrill McCormick, Julian Rivero, Tom Smith, Tom Tyler, and Blackie Whiteford in God's Country and the Man (1931)

Above Tom Tyler in red as government agent "Tex Malone". As he gets the upper hand on a bad guy. George Hayes as "Stingaree Kelley" looks on.

Two forgotten non-Western roles followed and then on September 27, 1931 George Hayes portrayed the main villain, "Cherokee Williams", in "The Nevada Buckaroo", released September 27, 1931In which he frames "B" Cowboy star Bob Steele's "Buck Hurley" aka: "The Nevada Kid" for a stagecoach robbery.

Bob Steel is wearing the "Ten Galleon Hat" with the rifle pointed at him and George Hayes has the girl with his hands on him in the above faded lobby card.

Two more non-screen credited roles and George Hayes billed as "George. F. Hayes" was in another Western with a major "B" Western Cowboy Harry Carey, Sr. Released November 15, 1931 was "Cavalier of the West" with fifth billed Hayes as "Sheriff Bill Ryan".

Four motion pictures followed with three giving the actor no screen credit and the one credit was seventh billing as a "Private Detective". Then once again, as George F. Hayes, the actor was back as the "Sidekick" "Squint Sanders" to Harry Carey's Western hero "Jim Gray" in "Border Devils" released April 2, 1932.

Hayes was the bad guy, 
"Hashknife Brooks",in another Bob Steele Western "Riders of the Desert", released April 24, 1932He followed that "B" with his third Bob Steele as another bad guy "Shamrock Cassidy". The character was in the June 15, 1932 release of "The Man from Hell's Edges".

 George Hayes changed "B" Cowboy leads to Hoot Gibson for "The Boiling Point" and back as Harry Carey's "Sidekick" in 1932's "The Night Rider" portraying "Altoonie".

Harry Carey, Elinor Fair, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in The Night Rider (1932)

Above Elinor Fair, George Hayes and Harry Carey.

On September 10, 1932 George changed "B" Cowboy Stars to Rex Bell. Bell was married to silent screen actress Clara Bow, Bow was one of the first real sex stars of Hollywood films and was known as the "It Girl" during the Roaring 20's.

In "Broadway to Cheyenne", Bell was "Breezy Kildaire", and George Hayes was "Walrus". The film was one of a host of "Modern Day" Westerns being turned out in the 1930's. In which the story had automobiles with the bad guys being chased by the good guys on horseback.


"Broadway to Cheyenne" was followed by another with Bob Steele. In "Hidden Valley" George was reduced to the role of a "Henchman" seen standing under the Bob Steele photo.

One more Bob Steele feature, "Texas Buddies", and character actor George Francis Hayes switched to his fifth "B" Cowboy star and this time it was a young Randolph Scott.

The feature film was writer Zane Grey's "Wild Horse Mesa". Scott was "Chane Weymer" and Hayes was a character named "Slack".Seven more feature films with three being with Bob Steele followed. Then it was time for another "B" leading man change. 1933's "The Return of Casey Jones" starred "B" Cowboy actor Charles Starrett and with third billing as "Timothy Shine" was George F. HayesAs the title implies this wasn't a Western, but a railroad motion picture.

But then Hayes returned for two Bob Steele pictures and two Rex Bell features, but there was an interesting murder mystery sandwiched in-between. Released June 1, 1933 was "The Sphinx" starring Lionel Atwill. It was about a man who has been mute all his life and witnessed a murder. Except that people swear they heard him talk. George Hayes was "Detective Casey".
The later part of 1933 saw George Hayes in some detective thrillers in minor roles, However, it was his last motion picture of that year, released October 10, 1933, starring a singing cowboy who couldn't sing that is of interest here. The title was the "Riders of Destiny" and, in hindsight, seemed to imply both the future of that non-singing singing cowboy, John Wayne, and George Hayes.

John Wayne had his singing voice dubbed in the role of "Singin' Sandy Saunders". While George Hayes portrayed "Charlie Denton". Of interest is that Wayne's singing voice was provided by Bill Bradbury. He was the son of the picture's director Robert N. Bradbury and the brother of Robert A. Bradbury. Who was better known as Cowboy actor Bob Steele.

John Wayne and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Riders of Destiny (1933)

Below Cecilia Parker as Hayes' daughter "Fay Denton" and George.

George 'Gabby' Hayes and Cecilia Parker in Riders of Destiny (1933)

"Riders of Destiny" was immediately followed by George's second picture with John Wayne "The Lucky Texan", released January 22, 1934.

Above George Hayes as "Jake 'Grandy' Benson" and John Wayne as "Jerry Mason". Below is a still from the film that includes George in a rare appearance without his beard and in drag, Next to Barbara Sheldon as his daughter "Betty Benson".

George 'Gabby' Hayes and Barbara Sheldon in The Lucky Texan (1934)

"West of the Divide", 
 another early John Wayne entry. found George Hayes in third billing as "Dusty Rhodes". In a change of pace was another drama starring Lionel Atwill, "Beggars in Ermine", and an adventure film "Mystery Liner". Both were followed by 21st billing in a Clyde Beatty, 15 Chapter, serial "The Lost Jungle" playing a "Doctor in the Dirigible". Blink and you miss George as he was seen only in Chapter One. 18th billing, in the same serial, went to a young child actor named Mickey Rooney. This was three years before his first movie as "Andy Hardy". While 22nd billing went to actor Henry Hull, a year before he became "The Werewolf of London". Both Rooney and Hull joined Hayes only in Chapter One of the serial. For many years Clyde Beatty's circus, which I had seen, was the main rival to Ringling Brothers, Barum and Bailey.

Next George Hayes, 
in the role of "David Fells", was in the low budget Horror movie "House of Mystery". It was released and forgotten on March 30, 1934.  Two more forgotten motion pictures later and George Hayes was back with John Wayne in "Blue Steel" as "Sheriff Jake Withers".

John Wayne and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Blue Steel (1934)

"Blue Steel" was followed by three more with John Wayne and one drama. George Hayes was next seen in the role of "Colonel Campbell" in the Western "The Man from Hell" starring forgotten "B" Cowboy Reb Russell as "Clint Mason". Russell only had twelve films to his name and ten were his Westerns.

Reb Russell and Rebel in The Man from Hell (1934)

While "The Brand of Hate", November 2, 1934, once again starred Bob Steele.

Next was "In Old Santa Fe" starring popular "B" Cowboy Ken Maynard as "Ken" aka: "Kentucky". George Hayes portrayed "Cactus" and the motion picture featured H.B. Warner 
as "Charlie Miller". Warner was a regular for Cecil B. DeMille and had portrayed "Jesus" in DeMille's 1927 "King of Kings",  Also seen in the movie "In Old Santa Fe" was a radio singing cowboy named "Gene Autry". Autry's actual first starring role was in the 1935, 12 Chapter Serial, "The Phantom Empire". In which he simply fought the lost continent of Mu, a scientist wanting to get the radium on his "Melody Ranch" property. While he ran a dude ranch for orphans and appeared at 2 PM, weekdays, on his radio program, to keep the bank from foreclosing on his ranch should he miss a broadcast.

Gene Autry, Evalyn Knapp, Ken Maynard, Wheeler Oakman, and Kenneth Thomson in In Old Santa Fe (1934)

"The Lawless Frontier" followed and reunited Hayes and Wayne. Then the two appeared together in another two feature films. They would be followed, for George, with three forgotten non-Western features in minor roles,

George Hayes and Bob Steele were back together again in "Smokey Smith", released April 2, 1935, with Hayes portraying "Blaze Bart". Another Bob Steele feature and two non-Westerns brought George F. Hayes to a film with popular "B" Cowboy "Colonel Tim McCoy", "Justice of the Range" had been released on May 23, 1935 and had the character actor portraying "Pegleg Sanderson". In this feature Ward Bond was "Bob Brennan".

On August 23, 1935 a typical "B" Western based upon a character created by writer Clarence E. Mulford, in 1912, appeared. There is little doubt that any of the Executives at Paramount Pictures knew what they were bringing to the motion picture screen, or for that matter. The actors in this typical 60 minute, or less 
running time "B" Western picture.

When the series finally ended. There would be 68 feature films, an early 1950's television show based upon the character and even an amusement park.

William Boyd portrayed the title character in the feature film "Hop-a-Long Cassidy" and in this feature George Hayes was "Uncle Ben".
William Boyd, James Ellison, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Frank McGlynn Jr. in Hop-a-Long Cassidy (1935)

Two forgotten features later found George Hayes as "Dr. Parker" in "Tumbling Tumbleweeds", released September 5, 1935. This was only the second feature actually starring Gene Autry and his "Sidekick" Smiley Burnett. In it Gene was Gene Autry and Smiley Burnett was Smiley. George had the 4th billed role of "Dr, Parker".

Above George with the large mustache on the left and below.

October 1, 1935 found George Hayes as "Ford Cruze" with another "B" Cowboy actor Buck Jones in "The Throwback".  Not keeping track, almost, and Buck Jones became the 12th major "B" Cowboy star that had character actor George Hayes in one of their feature films and more were to come.

With a slight change in name, as the character had yet to be nailed down, William Boyd was "Bill Hop-a-Long Cassidy" in "The Eagle's Brood" and George was only "Bartender Spike". The second motion picture of the series was released on October 25, 1935.
"Bar 20 Rides Again" was released December 6, 1935 and George Hayes now became one of the "Sidekicks" for William Boyd's "Bill Hop-a-Long Cassidy" named "Windy", no last name given.

William Boyd and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Bar 20 Rides Again (1935)

Below George, William Boyd and Paul Fix, the actor who taught John Wayne to walk like a real cowboy.

Once again George Hayes switched "B" Cowboys and found himself in "Swifty" starring Hoot Gibson in the title role. George portrayed "Sheriff Dan Hughes". Below billed George F. Hayes and Hoot Gibson.

Hoot Gibson and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Swifty (1935)

Another switch of "B" leads and George was with Johnny Mack Brown in "Valley of the Lawless", released January 26, 1936.

Frank Ball, Johnny Mack Brown, Joyce Compton, Frank Hagney, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Bobby Nelson in Valley of the Lawless (1936)

Three movies later and "Windy" had a last name, "Jenkins", in the "Hop-a-Long Cassidy" feature "Heart of the West".
William Boyd and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Heart of the West (1936)

Except in the next picture "Call of the Prairie", "Sidekick", "Windy Jenkins", was dropped and Georgge became "Charlie Shanghai McHenry". However, the other "Sidekick" portrayed by James Ellison, "Johnny Nelson", remained the same.  
In 1934 George had been seen in a Ken Maynard Western and now he was in brother Kermit Maynard's "B" Western "Song of the Trail", released March 15, 1936.

Evelyn Brent, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Fuzzy Knight, Andrea Leeds, Lynette London, and Kermit Maynard in Song of the Trail (1936)

Look closely at the "Farmer's Spokesman" in director Frank Capra's 1936 "Mr. Deeds Goes to Town", starring Gary Cooper and Jean Arthur, and you'll notice George Hayes.

The "Hop-a-Long Cassidy" feature "Three on the Trail" brought back "Windy" with the new last name of "Haliday"on April 14, 1936.

William Boyd and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Three on the Trail (1936)
Director King Vidor made an "A minus" Western "The Texas Rangers". The picture starred Fred MacMurray and Jack Oakie with George Hayes as "Judge Snow".

Then on October 16, 1936, exactly ten years prior to the date of my birth,  was "Hopalong Cassidy Returns". Note the change in the spelling of his name. James Ellison was nowhere to be seen, but George as "Windy Haliday" rode with now "Hoppy".

Hopalong Cassidy Returns (1936)

George Hayes now found himself back in a motion picture with Gary Cooper and Jean Arthur. "Coop" was "Wild Bill Hickok" and Arthur was "Calamity Jane". Also the missing James Ellison was "Buffalo Bill Cody" in Cecil B. DeMilles "The Plainsman". In the picture George had 22nd billing as "Breezy".

Thirteen of George Hayes' next fifteen motion pictures were as "Windy Haliday" in the "Hopalong Cassidy" series. As I said James Ellison was out and Russell Hayden was in as "Lucky Jenkins".William Boyd, Russell Hayden, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in The Frontiersmen (1938)

Above Boyd, Hayes and Hayden in "The Frontiersmen" released December 16, 1938.

William Boyd and George 'Gabby' Hayes in The Frontiersmen (1938)

"Fighting Thoroughbreds" was a modern sports drama about two competitor breeders. George Hayes portrayed "Gramps Montrose". Next George found himself 12th billed in a Nelson Eddy musical Western, Let Freedom Ring",  as "Pop Wilkie". This picture was about a railroad owner using illegal means to gain control of the land around a small town and the young Harvard Graduate son of a man who doesn't want to sell. In reality Nelsen's "Steve Logan" is a singing government agent investigating the railroad owner and falling in love with his daughter.



The creation of "GABBY HAYES" was the end result of a contract dispute with Paramount Pictures. They refused to give George Francis Hayes a raise and he left for Republic Pictures.

"Southward Ho", released March 19, 1939, starred the lead singer of "The Sons of the Pioneers" Leonard Franklin Slye. From 1935 into 1938 Slye and the singing group appeared in 14 different "B" Westerns. Gene Autry was demanding more money and the studio wouldn't give it to him. Republic started looking for a new "Singing Cowboy" and Len Slye won the role, but his name had to go and Roy Rodgers was born. "Southward Ho" was only the seventh motion picture with Roy Rodgers.

George Hayes portrayed third billed "Gabby Whittaker" and was now billed by Republic Pictures as George "GABBY" Hayes and as Roy's "Sidekick".

Roy Rogers and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Southward Ho! (1939)

However, George Hayes had "in the can" two more "Hopalong Cassidy" features. The first of the two "Silver on the Stage" was released on March 31, 1939

William Boyd, Russell Hayden, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Silver on the Sage (1939)

On May 15, 1939 the excellent biography of  Sam Houston, portrayed by "A" Western actor Richard Dix, "Man of Conquest", was released. George Hayes was seventh billed as "Lannie Upchurch".
 Joan Fontaine, Richard Dix, Edward Ellis, and Gail Patrick in Man of Conquest (1939)

On June 19, 1939 George's second appearance with Roy Rodgers "In Old Caliente" was released and once more he was billed as George "Gabby" Hayes.

Roy Rogers and George 'Gabby' Hayes in In Old Caliente (1939)

In the picture George became a "Singing Cowboy Sidekick" with the song "We're Not Coming Out Tonight".  He would sing in nine other features with Roy.

"Renegade Trail", the last "Hopalong Cassidy", motion picture with George Hayes was released July 25, 1939. Now, he was completely the "Sidekick" of Roy Rodgers and this was confirmed with the August 6, 1939 release of their co-starring feature "Wall Street Cowboy".

.Roy Rogers, Raymond Hatton, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Wall Street Cowboy (1939)

Five more films followed with the pair in succession:

"In Old Monterey", "The Arizona Kid", "Saga of Death Valley", "Days of Jesse James" and "Young Buffalo Bill".
Then came a major "A" list "Civil War Period" motion picture from Republic Pictures.

DARK COMMAND released April 15, 1940.

This was Republic's fictional story of William Quantrill and his Raiders, That met their fate in Lawrence, Kansas. The motion picture was directed by Raoul Walsh. Who had given John Wayne his name. That story behind that name and the first motion picture with it on a marquee can be read on my blog. In my article:

"JOHN WAYNE, WILLIAM FOX: Grandeur and 'The Big Trail'"

In the cast of "Dark Command", John Wayne was teamed with his "Stagecoach" co-star Claire Trevor. My article "Comparing John Ford's 1939 'Stagecoach' to the 1966 and 1986 Remakes" can be found at:

The main cast for "Dark Command" were:

Claire Trevor as "Mary McCloud".
John Wayne as "Bob Seton".
Walter Pidgeon as "William 'Will' Cantrell". Note the change in the last name.
Roy Rodgers as "Fletcher 'Fletch' McCoud"
George Hayes as "Andrew 'Doc' Grunch"
Porter Hall as "Angus McCloud"
Marjorie Main as "Mrs. Cantrell" aka: "Mrs. Adams".
Raymond Walburn as "Judge Buckner".

The screenplay was based upon the 1938 novel "The Dark Command" by W.R. Burnett, Among novelist and screenplay writer Burnett's books are some titles film buffs would be interested in reading, if they can be found. These include 1929's "Little Caesar", 1932's "Beast of the City", 1941's "High Sierra" and 1949's "The Asphalt Jungle"

Into the town of Lawrence, Kansas, comes "Bob Seton". Who was picked up on the road by "Doc Grunch". "Bpb" asks school teacher "Will Cantrell" to help him learn to read as he plans to become the new Sheriff and marry "Mary McCloud". "Will" agrees to help him, but he is also running for Sheriff and wants to make "Mary" his wife. In reality this seemingly upstanding school teacher is the leader of a group of outlaws posing as Confederate soldiers. "Mary's" younger brother "Fletch" falls under "Will Cantrill's" spell, . Eventually, everything comes to a climax of events. When "Cantrill's Raiders" head to Lawrence to burn it down and "Bob", "Fletch" and "Mary" warn the townspeople and set a trap.

The following is a rare still with George Hayes far left, John Wayne and Roy Rodgers on the right, together.

"Dark Command" was one of many motion pictures. That since the silent era Hollywood tampered with its depictions of the South, before, during, and after the Civil War. These include films with "America's Sweetheart" Shirley Temple and titles such as "Gone With the Wind" and Walt Disney's "Song of the South". Then there were the Outlaws, such as Jesse and Frank James, looking a lot like Tyrone Power and Henry Fonda, or others such as the Reno Brothers played by Elvis Presley and Richard Egan. My article "The American Civil War Through the Eyes of Hollywood" is at:

Next for George "Gabby" Hayes, see his billing on the following poster, was "Wagons Westward" released June 19, 1940. The actor found himself, fifth billed, as a character named "Hardtack". Republic wanted John Wayne for the lead as twin brothers, but realized he couldn't pull the part off. So the roles of "David Cook", the lawman, and "Tom Cook", the outlaw, went to actor Wayne Morris. Also in the cast was "B" Cowboy Buck Jones as "Sheriff Jim McDaniels".

George Hayes nickname was being built up by Republic. "Wagons Westward" was followed by four 1940's entries in the Roy Rodgers series and his character names for Hayes reflected that concept:

In "The Carson City Kid" he was "Marshal Gabby Whittaker", in "The Ranger and the Lady" he was "Texas Ranger Sergeant Gabby", in "Colorado" he was just "Gabby" and in "Young Bill Hickok" he was back to "Gabby Whittaker".

Roy Rogers in Young Bill Hickok (1940)

Then for his next film George Hayes went from 2nd billing to sixth as "Pop Laramie". Republic than switched the actor from Roy Rodgers' to his direct competition Gene Autry in "Melody Ranch," released November 15, 1940.

The movie featured Jimmy Durante as "Cornelius Jupiter Courtney" and dancer Ann Miller as "Julie Shelton".

Jimmy Durante and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Melody Ranch (1940)

Above Jimmy Durante and George "Gabby" Hayes in the picture.

Returning to Roy Rodgers was a film based upon Western author Zane Grey's "The Border Legion" and released December 5, 1940. In this picture second billed George "Gabby" Hayes was now "Honest John Whittaker".

In the above lobby card, holding the cards to Roy's left, is fourth billed Joseph Sawyer. Joe Sawyer was a regular in "B" Westerns, but is probably best remembered, by my generation, as "Sergeant Biff O'Hara" on television's "The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin" and as one of the telephone linemen, "Frank Daylon", in the 1953 3-D Science Fiction classic "It Came from Outer Space".

For the following Roy Rodgers entry, "Robin Hood of the Pecos", released January 14, 1941, George "Gabby" Hayes became "Gabriel 'Gabby' Hornaday". Then another completely different name for "In Old Cheyene" of "Arapahoe Brown".

Roy Rogers, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Hal Taliaferro in In Old Cheyenne (1941)

Four more Roy Rodgers features later and I come to one of those Hollywood movies that changes the real character of a real post Civil War outlaw. The film in question was "Jesse James at Bay" starring Roy as good "Jesse James" and bad look a like "Clint Burns". In the picture George "Gabby" Hayes portrays "Sheriff Gabby Whittaker".A crooked banker is cheating honest homesteaders and "Jesse" decides to help them. The banker hires look a like "Clint" to pretend to be "Jesse" and cause problems for everyone thinking he's "Jesse James" gone bad.

Roy Rogers, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Gale Storm in Jesse James at Bay (1941)

Roy Rogers, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Sally Payne, and Gale Storm in Jesse James at Bay (1941)

Roy Rogers in Jesse James at Bay (1941)

On December 7, 1941 the Japanese Empire bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the United States entered World War 2. On December 12, 1941 Roy and "Gabby" were seen in "Red River Valley".

Roy Rogers, Pat Brady, Hugh Farr, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Bob Nolan, Sally Payne, Lloyd Perryman, Tim Spencer, and Hal Taliaferro in Red River Valley (1941)

"B" Westerns would continue to be made giving Americans on the "Home Front" and the "Boy's Oversea's" about 60 minutes of release from the pressures of the war. Soon movies would end reminding the audience to "Buy War Bonds".

Eight more films with Roy followed in a row and then George "Gabby" Hayes appeared with another popular "B" Cowboy in "Calling Wild Bill Elliott" released April 30, 1943. The series starred Bill Elliott and began with 1939's "Taming of the West", but he started out being called "Wild Bill Saunders". Then his character's name was changed to "Wild Bill Hickok" for twelve more films. Scattered between those twelve saw Elliott as either "Wild Bill Boone" and "Wild Bill Tolliver" for one picture each. This was the first film calling his character "Wild Bill Elliott".

George "Gabby" portrayed the very originally named "Gabby Hayes".

Actress Anne Jeffreys was "Edith Richards" in "Calling Wild Bill Elliott". My reader will find her name on many of the following motion pictures in "George Hayes' "B" Western career. Jeffreys and her husband actor Robert Sterling portrayed the ghosts of "George" and "Marion Kerby", originally portrayed by Cary Grant and Constance Bennett in 1937's "Topper", on the television version from 1953 through 1955. They co-starred with Leo G. Carroll as the title character.

Above Jeffreys and Elliott

The motion picture was immediately followed by "The Man from Thunder River" with "Gabby" Hayes back to portraying "Gabby Whittaker".

Bill Elliott, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and John James in The Man from Thunder River (1943)

Bill Elliott, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and John James in The Man from Thunder River (1943)

While Bill Elliott remained "Wild Bill Elliott" in the third picture, "Bordertown Gun Fighters". George "Gabby" Hayes was switched back to being a character called "Gabby Hayes". Most likely, because series screenplays were turned in by different writers. Who might have written two or three back to back, but they were released out of sequence with work from another series writer.

Bill Elliott and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Bordertown Gun Fighters (1943)

On December 6, 1943 George "Gabby" Hayes was fourth billed "Despirit Dean" in the John Wayne feature film "In Old Oklahoma". In the cast at sixth billing was a pre-Roy Rodgers, Dale Evans, as "Cuddles Walker". While John Wayne was "Daniel F. Summers".

The picture is about battling oil men, Wayne and Albert Dekker as "Jim 'Hunk' Gardner",  and would be reissued as "War of the Wildcats".

George 'Gabby' Hayes and Marjorie Rambeau in In Old Oklahoma (1943)

John Wayne, Albert Dekker, and Martha Scott in In Old Oklahoma (1943)

John Wayne, Albert Dekker, and Martha Scott in In Old Oklahoma (1943)

John Wayne, Albert Dekker, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in In Old Oklahoma (1943)

Above Wayne, Hayes and Dekker.

Then on March 19, 1944 Hayes was back with Bill Elliott in "Mojave Firebrand" as "Gabby Whittaker". You with me?

Art Dillard, Bill Elliott, Bud Geary, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Robert Milasch in Mojave Firebrand (1944)

Another feature followed and then there was a major character change for Bill Elliott, on May 14, 1944, as Republic Pictures merged the duo with the very popular Western newspaper comic strip, comic book and radio character "Red Rider". Which had been created back in 1936 by Fred Harmon and Stephen Slesinger and already been a Republic serial character in 1940's "The Adventures of Red Ryder" starring another Western "B" actor Don "Red" Barry.

The creation of the first film in what was to be a series, by Republic Pictures, sent the publicity department into full swing.

In "Tucson Raiders" Bill Elliott was now "Red Ryder", but billed as "Wild Bill Elliott as Red Ryder". While George Hayes remained as his "Sidekick" "Gabby". However, eleven years old Robert Blake, billed as "Bobby Blake", was added, as "Ryder's" actual comic "Sidekick", the Native American boy "Little Beaver".

Blake had been "Mickey" in the "Our Gang Comedies", in 1959 he was excellent in both "Pork Chop Hill" starring Gregory Peck and "The Purple Gang" co-starring with Barry Sullivan. Then there was 1969's "Tell Them Willie Boy Was Here" with Robert Redford and his 1975 through 1978 Blake's own television series "Baretta".

Robert Blake, Bill Elliott, Bud Geary, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Peggy Stewart in Tucson Raiders (1944)

Robert Blake, Bill Elliott, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Tucson Raiders (1944)

Above a publicity still with Elliott, Blake and Hayes. Below another one, with Alice Fleming, Elliott, Peggy Stewart and Hayes in back and "Bobby" Blake in front.

George Hayes would only make one more "Red Ryder" film title. This was the "Marshall of Reno". Then George became "Dave" with John Wayne as Rocklin" in "Tall in the Saddle" featuring Wayne's USC co-football player Ward Bond as the bad guy "Judge Robert Garvey". 

On November 6, 1944 in "Lights of Old Santa Fe",  George "Gabby" Hayes as "Gabby Whittaker" was back with Roy Rodgers and now Dale Evans as "Majorie Brooks". To illustrate Hayes third billing position. George was right after "Trigger", but before Dale.

Roy Rogers, Claire Du Brey, Dale Evans, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Lights of Old Santa Fe (1944)

Above Roy, Claire Du Brey, George and Dale. Below Roy sings with "The Sons of the Pioneers" and it is obvious that the film is set in 1944.

Roy Rogers, Ken Carson, Lloyd Corrigan, Hugh Farr, Karl Farr, Shug Fisher, Bob Nolan, Sons of the Pioneers, and Tim Spencer in Lights of Old Santa Fe (1944)

However, the next film for fourth billed George "Gabby" Hayes in the role of "Hap Selby"was with actor Richard Arlen. Arlen was Union Army "Captain Jed Kilton" falsely accused of cowardliness under fire in "The Big Bonanza". The picture set in Nevada during the silver strikes was released on December 30, 1944.

The boy on the poster for "The Big Bonanza" is Bobby Driscoll as"Spud Kilton". This picture was two years away from Driscoll starring in Walt Disney's "Song of the South", see my article on Hollywood and the Civil War mentioned above. At this point Bobby Driscoll was six years from portraying "Jim Hawkins" in Disney's "Treasure Island" and nine years from becoming the voice of Walt Disney's "Peter Pan".

Richard Arlen, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Lynne Roberts in The Big Bonanza (1944)

Above Hayes, Arlen and Lynne Roberts.

George was back with Roy Rodgers, Trigger and Dale Evans in "Utah" released March 25, 1945.

Roy Rogers, Dale Evans, George 'Gabby' Hayes, and Peggy Stewart in Utah (1945)

Six more Roy and Dale films and, on May 4, 1946, George "Gabby" Hayes was "Coyote" in "Badman's Territory". The motion picture starred Randolph Scott as Texas Lawman "Mark Rowley". Who with his brother "John", played by James Warren, enter the film's title, a section of land between Texas and Oklahoma, not yet part of the United States. The brothers are out to arrest "Jesse James", played by Lawrence Tierney, 1945's "Dillinger", and "Frank James", played by Tom Tyler. In the feature the two lawmen will meet other famous outlaws hiding out in the area. Such as the "Dalton Brothers", "Sam Bass" and "Belle Starr".

Randolph Scott, Steve Brodie, Isabel Jewell, William Moss, Nestor Paiva, Ann Richards, Lawrence Tierney, Tom Tyler, and Phil Warren in Badman's Territory (1946)

Randolph Scott and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Badman's Territory (1946)

Below Lawrence Tierney and Tom Tyler as "Jesse" and "Frank James".

Lawrence Tierney and Tom Tyler in Badman's Territory (1946)

Nester Paiva was "Sam Bass". Paiva is best known as "Lucas" in both 1954's "The Creature from the Black Lagoon" and the 1955 sequel "Revenge of the Creature".

My article "NESTOR PAIVA: Skipper of the 'Rita' VS The Creature from the Black Lagoon" can be read at:

"Rainbow Over Texas", released May 9, 1946, was the start for "Gabby" of another six motion pictures as the "Sidekick" of Roy Rodgers. It ended on December 15, 1946 with "Heldorado". The picture was also the end of George Francis "Gabby" Hayes' run as Roy Rodger's "Sidekick".

Roy Rogers and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Heldorado (1946)


A third film, "Trail Street", released February 19, `1947, with Randolph Scott followed. Scott portrayed "Bat Masterson", "Gabby" was his friend "Billy Jones" and Robert Ryan was  "Allen Harper".

Above Ryan, Hayes and Scott.

No longer "Wild Bill Elliott", or the "Red Rider" , Bill Elliott was "Charles Alderson" in the July 28, 1947 "B" Western "Wyoming". George Hayes was fourth billed "Windy Gibson" and between the two actors were Vera Ralston as "Karen Alderson" and John Carroll as "Glenn Forester".

Randolph Scott was back as "Cole Armin", George "Gabby" Hayes was "Juke" and Lon Chaney was "Steve Murkill" in the Western "Albuquerque", released on February 20, 1948.

Randolph Scott, Barbara Britton, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in Albuquerque (1948)

Randolph Scott, Lon Chaney Jr., George Cleveland, and Bernard Nedell in Albuquerque (1948)

"Return of the Bad Men" was one of two semi-sequels to "Badman's Territory" released on July 14, 1948. Even though the motion picture was from RKO and not Republic Pictures. Randolph Scott was now "Vance", Robert Ryan was the "Sundance Kid" and George was "John Pettit".

Above Scott and Anne Jeffreys as "Cheynne".

October 21, 1948 saw the release of "The Untamed Breed" starring "B" actor Sonny Tufts as "Tom Kilpatrick". Third billed George Hayes was "Windy Lucas". Barbara Britton was George's daughter "Cherry Lucas".

Another "A" list Western was released on August 5, 1949. "El Paso" starred John Payne as "Clay Fletcher", Gail Russell, "Angel and the Badman" and "Wake of the Red Witch", as "Susan Jeffers" and Sterling Hayden, "The Asphalt Jungle", "Johnny Guitar", "The Last Command" and "Dr. Strangelove", was "Bert Donner". "Gabby" was fourth billed "Pesky Tees".

George 'Gabby' Hayes, Eduardo Noriega, John Payne, and Gail Russell in El Paso (1949)

Above Gail Russell, John Payne, Sterling Hayden, George "Gabby" Hayes and Dick Foran as "Sheriff LaFarge".

On August 1, 1950 the final motion picture featuring "Gabby" Hayes was released. "The Cariboo Trail" once again starred Randolph Scott as "Jim Redfern" and second billed George was "Oscar" aka: "Grizzly".
Randolph Scott, Karin Booth, and George 'Gabby' Hayes in The Cariboo Trail (1950)

Above contract player and pre-"Tales of Wells Fargo" Dale Robertson, Scott and Hayes.

George 'Gabby' Hayes in The Cariboo Trail (1950)

Which now brings me back to:

George Frances "Gabby" Hayes past away on February 9, 1969 in Burbank, California at the age of 89. During his career of 192 roles, not including the Westerns with Randolph Scott, one time appearances and his few dramatic motion pictures.  "GABBY HAYES" appeared with Fifteen      different "B" Western Cowboy Stars in the 1930's and 1940's. Not many "Sidekicks" can say that.


Hedy Lamarr: Inventor and Samson's Delilah

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